• 一个健康的身体,需要时时的保养注意,学习外国人科学的健康生活方式,营养补充疗法。看看美国人、日本人、英国人、法国人是怎么进行健康养生的。
  • 如果您觉得本站对您有帮助,那么赶紧使用Ctrl+D 收藏89养生网吧!
  • 人人知道一个人人都知道的常识性问答网站

媒体中的暴力如何影响校园欺凌?

健康 89xy 3个月前 (11-22) 20次浏览

The case of Kenneth Weishuhn Jr. from South O’Brien High School in Paulina, Iowa raised serious concerns over the effectiveness of state’s 5-year old anti-bullying law, following the 14 year-old’s suicide in April this year. It is not always possible for school officials to identify the bullies until it is too late.

Douglas Gentile, an Iowa State University associate professor of psychology has conducted a new study published in July’s edition of Psychology of Popular Media Culture
, which may offer a new approach for schools to help profiling students who are more likely to commit aggressive acts against other students.

Gentile’s study involved 430 children between the ages of 7 to 11 years (grades 3-5) from 5 Minnesota schools. He found that exposure to media violence is one of six risk factors to predict later aggression. The other five risk factors include low parental involvement, gender, bias toward hostility, physical victimization and prior physical fights. Knowing which students have a risk of aggression can help school officials to identify which students might have a higher tendency to fight or bully others later in the school year.

Gentile, who runs the Media Research Lab at Iowa State, explains:

“随着你获得风险因素,侵犯的风险不成比例地上升。有一两个风险因素不是什么大事。孩子们很有韧性——他们能处理好。你到了三楼,那里有一个大跳跃。当你摆脱了四个风险因素,风险的增长速度比你预期的要快得多。”

He continues: “If we are concerned about bullying in schools, then this approach has real world implications for helping to target the kids who are at higher risk for bullying behavior so we could use our limited resources more effectively to reduce bullying in schools. We could profile kids by measuring their risk factors. In fact, I can get over 80 percent accuracy knowing only three things — are they a boy, have they gotten in a fight within the past year, and do they consume a lot of media violence? When you get out to having six risk factors, then we can predict with 94 percent accuracy, which kids will get into fights in the coming year. We just can’t predict which day.”

Gentile and Brad Bushman, co-author of the study and a former Iowa State psychology professor who works at The Ohio State University faculty state that the effects of media violence exposure may actually be underestimated by previous scientific measures in combination with other risk factors. Their study is a first to combine various risk factors to predict future aggression in students.

Gentile states: “This new statistical approach [relative weight analysis] actually allows us to get probably the most accurate assessment of how much each variable [risk factor] contributes to likely aggression, in combination with the others. It becomes clear that media violence is very similar to other known risk factors.”

Gentile and his team surveyed students and their teachers twice a school year, with the longest break between surveys consisting of 6-months. They measured physical aggression by using self-reports, peer-nominations and teacher reports of actual violence.

Participants were asked to list their three favorite TV shows, video games and movies in the self-reports, rating the frequency of watching or playing their favorite show/movie or game and its violence. The team used a system of calculating the overall violence exposure score for each participant that was successfully applied in other children and media violence studies. They multiplied the violence rating by the frequency of viewing/playing, averaging the results across nine responses.

Gentile highlights that high exposure to media violence is just one of the risk factors for increased aggression and should neither raise special concern or dismissal relative to other risk factors. The only difference between this risk factor and the others is that it is the easiest one for parents to control. Gentile commented:

“大多数攻击性的风险因素真的很难改变。你不能轻易改变你的孩子以前是否打过架或喝醉过。这就是(媒体暴力)与众不同的地方,与大多数其他风险因素相比,它实际上相当容易控制。但是它是如何作为一个风险因素的,就像所有其他因素一样。它不是最大的,也不是最小的,它实际上就在狼群的中间。”

Although researchers established that the impact of being exposed to media violence on a child’s later aggression is potentially underestimated, Gentile argues that it is the combination of risk factors, which ultimately proves the most vital in predicting which children will act aggressively in the future.

Written by Petra Rattue


89养生网, 版权所有丨如未注明 , 均为原创丨本网站采用BY-NC-SA协议进行授权
转载请注明原文链接:媒体中的暴力如何影响校园欺凌?
喜欢 (0)