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大多数咳嗽持续18天

健康 89xy 2周前 (11-21) 9次浏览

When a cough lasts more than a week most of us think we need an antibiotic. Experts from the University of Georgia explained that acute bronchitis (an acute illness with hacking cough) can last for weeks.

Annals of Family Medicine
antibiotics

They found that patients expect their cough to be resolved within one week to up to a maximum of nine days. In reality, a bronchial illness (which includes coughing) takes an average of 18 days to clear up.

placebo

bronchitis

Antibiotics are ineffective against coughs caused by a cold virus

Very persistent coughs may be a sign of something more serious

咳嗽时过量使用抗生素会导致抗生素耐药性

“我们从临床试验中知道,抗生素治疗急性咳嗽即使有益处,也是微乎其微的,因为这些疾病大多是由病毒引起的。在接受抗生素治疗的患者中,大约一半是广谱抗生素,有可能增加抗生素耐药性。这些抗生素如果在我们真正需要的时候还在身边就好了,比如对可能患有肺炎的人。”

If patients are being prescribed antibiotics when they do not yet need them, there is a much greater risk of bacterial resistance

因咳嗽过早去看医生会增加医疗费用


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