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只有5%的人会在如厕后正确洗手

健康 89xy 2周前 (11-19) 10次浏览

Just 5% of people wash their hands long enough to destroy infectious germs after using the bathroom, researchers from Michigan State University reported in the Journal of Environmental Health
.

Even more worrying, the authors added that 10% skipped washing their hands altogether, while 33% used no soap at all. It appears that men are less inclined to wash their hands after going to the toilet than women.

Lead researcher, Prof. Carl Borchgrevink, and team gathered and analyzed data on 3,749 people in public restrooms.

Borchgrevink said:

“这些发现令我们感到惊讶,因为过去的研究表明,正确洗手的比率要高得多。”

The CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) says that the one thing people can do to lower the spread of infectious diseases is to maintain good hand hygiene. US public health authorities say that nearly 50% of foodborne illness outbreaks in the country are due to bad hand hygiene, which not only refers to people who do not wash their hands, but also to those who do not do it properly.

In order to kill off the germs, all it takes are 15 to 20 seconds of vigorous hand washing with soap and water, says the CDC. However, according to the study, most people spend around six seconds during each hand washing session
.

Borchgrevink and team trained twelve college students on how to gather data, and sent them out to watch how many people wash their hands, and how well they wash them in the restrooms of restaurants, bars and other public places. They tried to be as unobtrusive as they could.

Borchgrevink says this is one of the few studies on hand hygiene that takes into account duration and soap usage.

The researchers found that:

  • 15%的男性和7%的女性不洗手
  • 只有50%的洗手男性和78%的洗手女性使用肥皂
  • 脏水槽更有可能被完全避免——在有脏水槽的浴室里,洗手更常见
  • 良好的手部卫生在当天早些时候更为普遍。作者认为,在晚上/夜间,当人们外出吃喝时,他们处于一种更加放松的状态,手部卫生变得不那么重要
  • 鼓励人们洗手的标志似乎有所帮助。洗手在有标志的浴室里更普遍
  • Borchgrevink said their study has implications for both consumers and people who operate hotels and restaurants. Before becoming a researcher, Borchgrevink worked as a restaurant manager and also as a chef.

    Borchgrevink said:

    “想象一下,你是一个企业主,人们来到你的企业,通过粪口途径感染食源性疾病——因为人们没有洗手——然后你的声誉就岌岌可危了。你可能会失去你的生意。”

    Good hand hygiene not only protects the general public from the spread of infections, it is also a vital part of keeping hospital acquired infections down to a minimum. The Clean Your Hands Campaign
    played a major role in reducing some healthcare associated infections in English and Welsh hospitals.

    Written by Christian Nordqvist


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